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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Preparation

1. Language
The language of the manuscript must be in

  • Arabic
  • English (either American or British standard, but not a mixture of both).

2. Length of paper

The length of the paper should not exceed 25 pages. Paper containing more than 25 pages of words will be returned to the author(s) to abridge. Articles should be typed in double-space (including footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

3. Title Page
The title page is a separate page before the text. It should include the following information:

The title should be concise and informative. Try to avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Font Times New Roman, size is 14.

Author’s names and affiliations
Please indicate the given name and family name correctly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and if available, the e-mail address, and telephone number of each author.

Corresponding author
Indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.

Sponsoring information
If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.

4. Abstract
A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 300 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Font Times New Roman, size is 12.

5. Keywords
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').

6. Subdivision of the article
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1, 2. (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc. The abstract is not included in section numbering.

7. Table and Figures
Present tables and figures at the end of the article. Please note that the article will be published in black and white.

8. References
Authors are requested to follow Modern Language Association (MLA) REFERENCE STYLE. The references should be presented in n square brackets in the right hand of the sentence e.g., [1] in the text. They should be arranged at the end of the manuscript in order of their appearance in the text.

Citations in the text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference List
References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.




Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Edition used. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Medium of publication.

Book with one author

Aprilson, Andy. The Emergency Budget Task Force Handbook. Mississippi: Haberdasher, 2001. Print.

Book with two authors

Bringham, Darrin E., and Sally Knope. Resting Heartbeat Science. 12th ed. Alejandro: Spaghetti, 2001. Print.

Book with three authors

Christopherson, Charles, Ronald Swanson, and Roger Koltz. Fog Pirates: On Board the USS Hammerhead. Pinkleton: Putters, 2001. Print.

Book with more than three authors

Niderbacher, Leslie A., et al. Penne and the Jets: A Love Story. Albuquerque: Partridge, 2003. Print.

Books with no author

Encyclopedia of Football. New York: Sporting Publishers Inc., 2002. Print.

Books by a corporate author or organization

Canadian Pumpkinology Association. The Truth about Rats and Skunks: Nature's Worst Enemies. Toronto: La Fraude Publishers, 2009. Print.

Work in an anthology

Graeve, Michael J. "Catching the Big One: How Fishing Helped Me Find My Center." The Anthology of Modern Fishing. Ed. A.D. Hovel. Ann Arbor: Maven Publishing Company, 2009. 42-63. Print.

Work in a compilation

O'Hanlon, Bert, Lenny Thompson, and Brenda Massey, comp. and ed. Safety: How to be Safe All the Time. San Diego: Goldstein, 1942. Print.

Work in a reference book

Graeve, Michael J. "The Best Way to Catch a Fish." The Big Book of Fishing. Ed. D.A. Trader. Burlington: Vermont's Finest Publisher Inc., 2008. Print.

Two or more works by the same author

Zurna, Jim. Adequate Lawn Care 101. Detroit: University of Michigan Press, 1993. Print.

---. Common Lawn Pests and How to Destroy Them Effectively. Florida: Simon & Penguin, 1991. Print.



Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical Series Number. Volume Number. Issue Number. Date of Publication (for a scholarly journal, the year; for other periodicals, the day, month, and year): Pages. Medium of publication.


Laframboise, Karen. "Why Do People Treat Their Pets Better Than Other Humans?" Vanity Circus Sept. 2003: 121-140. Print.

Journal article

Coxswain, Abraham D., Frederick Blursdale III, Thaddeus T. Landover, and Jose Sanchez. "Analyzing the Psychology of Odd Juxtaposition." Name Technology 42 (1986): 121-342. Print.

Electronic sources


Author/Editor (if available). "Title of Article (if applicable)." Title of Website/Database/Book. Version or Edition. Publisher information (the organization/institution affiliated with the site), date of publication. Medium of publication. Date of access.

Entire website

The Official Website of the Super Bowl XLV Champion Green Bay Packers. The Green Bay Packers, 2011. Web. 23 May 2001.

Page on a website

Mueller, Dawn. "How the Packers Won My Heart and Then the Super Bowl." The Very Unofficial Packers Fan Site. 14 Mar. 2011. Web. 1 May 2011.

Article in an online scholarly journal

Paulson, Robert. "Soapmaking: A Journey through the Dirty World of Saponification." Journal of Pierce & Pierce 55.81 (1991): 21-48. Web. 14 April 2001.


Rodgers, Aaron. "Re: I Am Your Biggest Fan." Message to Dawn Mueller. 20 Mar. 2011. Email.

Sound Recording


Adele.  21.  XL Recordings, 2011. CD.


Mars, Bruno. "Just the way you are." Doo-Wops & Hooligans. Elektra, 2010. CD.


Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus.  Piano Concerto No. 12 in A Major.  Perf.  Timothy Twain.  Rec. 14 August 1982.  Sony, 1988. Audiocassette.

Other common sources


Zoom: Academy for Superheroes. Dir. Peter Hewitt. Revolution Studios, 2006. Film.

Television program

"Cooking with Chocolate."  Fancy Eats. The Food Channel. 6 June 2006. Television.


McCabe, Adam. Interview by Larry King. Larry King Live. CNN. New York. 21 September 2009. Television.


McRae, Kellen. "No Surprises." Matthew Coleman Hall at the University of Western Ontario. 21 Sep. 2004. Lecture.

Presentation from a published conference proceeding

Cassidy, Karen. "How to Be Good At Everything." The 2010 Conference of Talented People. Ed. April Smith. Toronto: The Big Publishing Company, 2011. Print.

  1. Footnotes

If necessary, use end-to-end footnotes (Arabic numerals) throughout the document.

Footnotes may contain quotations from works that are mentioned in the text and additional information.

Research Article

Any article that can be categorised as a research article should be submitted in this section.

Short Communication

Any article that can be categorised as Short Communication should be submitted under this section.

Review Article

Any review article should be submitted under this section.

Case Report

Any Case Report should be submitted under this section.

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