Issuing Fatwa during Covid-19 Pandemic: An Analysis
Keywords:Fatwa, Ifta, Covid-19, Pandemic, Law, Islam
Talking about fatwas in contemporary situations is both crucial and accurate. Crucial because it is a slander to the people in the religion of God and accurate because it needs an accurate methodology that no one can do unless they qualify and train for it. Thus, this study attempts to address a sound legal theory of issuing fatwa under Islamic law during the covid-19 pandemic based on qualitative methods by adopting content data analysis. The findings reveal that the expertise for issuing the fatwa, its unification, the proper understanding of the nature of the calamity, consideration of Maqāṣid al-Shari’ah, and considering Ma’alat are the major concerns that have a significant amount of impact in this regard. Hence, the study would provide a clear guideline on the role of fatwa and Mufti in contemporary Muslim society, especially in the covid-19 pandemic.
Abdul Razzak, W. (2017). Dawabit al-ijtihad al-tanzilii fi daw’ al-kuliyaat al-maqasidia. Noor Publishing.
Abu Zahra, M. (1958). ’Usul al-Fiqh. Dar al-Fikr al-Arabi.
Al-Ashkar, M. S. A. (1976). Al-Futya wa Manahij al-Ifta. Kuwait: Maktaba al-Manar al-Islamiyya.
Al-Duski, M. S. . (2007). Dawabit al-Fatwaa fi al-sharieat al-Islamia. Maktaba Nizar Mustafa al-Baz.
Al-Jawziyya, I. Q. (2002). I’lam al-Muwaqqi’in ’an Rabb al-’Alamin. Dar Ibn al-Jawzi.
Al-Mallah, H. (2009). Al-Fatwaa: nash’atuha, tatawuruha, ’usuluha, tatbiqatiha. Al-Maktaba al-Asriyya.
Al-Muhamid. (2001). Masirah al-Fiqh al-Islami al-Mu’asir. Al-Urdun: Dar ‘Ammar.
Al-Najjar, A. M. (1900). Fi fiqh al-tadayun fahman watanzilan. Dar Akbar al-Yawm.
Al-Qaraḍāwī, Y. (2009). Mūjibāt Taghayyur al-Fatwā Fī ‘Aṣrina. Cairo: Dâr al-Syuruq.
Al-Sanusi, A. R. (2003). Ietibar al-malat wa muraeat nataij al-tasarufat. Dar Ibn al-Jawzi.
Al-Shatibi, I. (2004). Al-Muwafaqat fi Usul Al-Shari’ah. Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya.
Al-Suyuti. (2013). Al-Ashbah wa al-Nazair Fi Qawa’id Wa Furu’ Fiqh al-Shafi’iyah. Dar al-Hadith.
Asni, F. (2018). Analysis of the Concept of Fatwa Uniformity according Mura’ah Al-Khilaf Method. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(7), 156–164. https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v8-i7/4331
Asni, F., Ismail, F. H., & Sulong, J. (2019). Analysis of Practice and Method of Fatwa Standardization in Malaysia and Indonesia. The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences, 360–367. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2019.09.40
Asni, M. F. A.-H. M., & Sulong, J. (2016). Fatwa on Wajibah Will and Uniformity of Provision in the Malaysian States Fatwa. Al-Qanatir International Journal of Islamic Studies, 5(1), 1–15. http://www.al-qanatir.com/
Auda, J. (2011). A maqāsidī approach to the contemporary application of the Sharī’ah. Intellectual Discourse, 19(2), 193–217. https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/view/231
Awass, O. (2014). Fatwa: The Evolution of an Islamic Legal Practice and its Influence on Muslim Society [Doctoral thesis, The Temple University Graduate Board]. http://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/2547
Caeiro, A. (2011). The making of the fatwa: The production of Islamic legal expertise in Europe. Archives de Sciences Sociales Des Religions, 56(155), 81–100. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41239676
Dar al-Iftaa Al-Missriyyah. (n.d.). The craft of Issuing Fatwas. Dar Al-Iftaa Al-Missriyyah. Retrieved January 5, 2020, from http://dar-alifta.org/Foreign/ViewArticle.aspx?ID=77&text=takyif
Dehlawi, S. H. (2005). Hujjah Allah al-Balighah. Beirut: Dar al-Jil.
Firdaus, M. (2020). The Maqasid Thought of Ibn ‘Ashur and Development of Interdisciplinary Islamic Studies: Searching for the Correlation of the Concept. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Religion and Education, (pp. 1-15). https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.11-11-2020.2308298
Furber, M. (2013). Elements of a Fatwa & their Contribution to Confidence in its Validity. Abu Dhabi: Tabah Foundation.
Hassan, S. A., & Khairuldin, W. M. K. F. W. (2020). Research design based on fatwa making process: An exploratory study. International Journal of Higher Education, 9(6), 241–246. https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v9n6p241
Ibrahim, B., Arifin, M., & Abd Rashid, S. Z. (2015). The Role of Fatwa and Mufti in Contemporary Muslim Society. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 23(S)(Nov), 315–325. http://www.pertanika.upm.edu.my/
Ifwat, M. S. bin I. (2018a). Considering maalat as an approach to applying Maslahah in reality. Islam and Civilisational Renewal (ICR), 9(2), 147-160. https://doi.org/10.12816/0049461
Ifwat, M. S. bin I. (2018b). The Principle of Considering Ma’alat in Islamic Rules: Do Ends Justify Means? International Journal of Islamic Thought, 14(1), 52–59. https://doi.org/10.24035/ijit.14.2018.005
Izmuddin, I. (2018). Fatwa Methodology of National Sharia Board of Indonesian Ulama Council in Islamic Economics. MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 42(1), 43–58. https://doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v42i1.499
Jasim, A. R. (2017). Al-Madkhal lidirasat al-Sharieat al-Islamia. Al-Markaz al-Arabi.
Khairuldin, W. M. K. F. B. W., Embong, A. H., Hassan, S. A., Yasin, M. F. M., & Anas, W. N. I. W. N. (2019). Strategic Management in Fatwa-Making Process. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 18(4), 1–6. https://www.abacademies.org/abstract/strategic-management-in-fatwamaking-process-8454.html
Khairuldin, W. M. K. F. W., & Ibrahim, I. (2017). The Construction of Research Method Based on Fatwa Process: The Analysis from the Views of Experts. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(4), 58–69. https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v7-i4/2779
Subri, I. M., Mokhtar, A. W., Rahman, A. A., Ahmad, H., Ghazali, N. M., & Halil, N. F. (2017). The appointment of female mufti in Malaysia: An analysis on the views of Fatwa members and Syariah experts. Advanced Science Letters, 23(5), 4756–4760. https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2017.8886
Suyadi, Nuryana, Z., & Fauzi, N. A. F. (2020). The fiqh of disaster: The mitigation of Covid-19 in the perspective of Islamic education-neuroscience. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101848
Syaugi. (2021). The FIQH of Disaster: MUI’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia (Study Application Legal Maxims of FIQH). SSRN. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3978994
Uyuni, B., Rahman, A., Chosimah, Ummah, R., Rahayu, E. P., & Shafwatunnada. (2021). Implementation of Maqashid Sharia in Controling the Growth of the Covid-19 Virus. Tahdzib Al-Akhlaq: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 4(1), 67–79. https://doi.org/10.34005/tahdzib/v4i1/1432
Yousuf, M. (1993). Modes of Ijtihad in the Judgements of the Khulafa al- Rashidun. Intellectual Discourse, 1(1), 9–27. https://journals.iium.edu.my/intdiscourse/index.php/id/article/download/329/286
Zaman, M. Q. (2002). The Ulama in Contemporary Islam: Custodians of Change. Princeton University Press.
Zuhayli, W. (1999). Al-Wajiz fi usul al-fiqh. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr al-Mu’asir.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors contributing to this journal retain the copyright of their article but agree to publish their articles under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially, under the condition that appropriate credit is given, that a link to the license is provided, and that they indicate if changes were made. They may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.